Justino 'Paloy' A. Cagayat Jr. - Paete, Laguna

Pepe Ngayawan - Banaue, Ifugao

Wood being one of the most common indigenous materials, woodworking as a tradition figures as one of the highly-practiced crafts in the country. From north to south of the Philippines, woodcraft has come to serve a great variety of domestic and communal needs. Architectural structures, transport equipment, household implements, food containers, farming tools, decors, ritual paraphernalia, musical instruments, as well as defense tools span the diversity of items derived from woodcraft.

Most common woodcarving is left in its natural color. Representative images of deities are rendered this way, with incisions made on the wood to depict facial and other bodily features. Soot may be filled into the incisions for contrast. In other cases, images are blackened, either deliberately or not. Deliberate blackening involves rubbing the surfaces with potato sap then singeing these over fire. Other more commercially circulated items have been applied black dyes to mimic naturally blackened pieces. 

To break the monotony of the plain or blackened surface, the wood may be incised, excised or scraped off to introduce varied patterns of design. Apart from painting on the surface, contrast is provided by cutting or scraping off a part of the wood and inlaying it with bits of shell or bone. 

Maranao woodcarving is said to be the most exuberant. Okir is their word for art, and which is synonymous to term for the stylized vine and leaf patterns found in their woodcarving. These are assembled into different combinations, the more intricate of which are found in the popular sari manok and niaga-naga.